Sri Lanka was far south, nestled next to India and Madagascar in the middle of the super-continent known as Gondwanaland. India and Sri Lanka drifted northwards until this chunk of land impacted with another chunk, creating the Himalayas. Later the bridge of limestone shoals that linked Sri Lanka with India mostly submerged, leaving a 30km divide. Sri Lanka lies between the northern latitudes 5° 55. and 9° 55. and the eastern longitudes 79° 42. and 81° 52., 650km north of the equator. It comprises 65,610 sq km and has 1,330km of coastline. 1,215km to the west are the Maldives – holidays that combine Sri Lanka and the Maldives are popular – and to the south nothing but thousands of kilometers of ocean until Antarctica.